The Shirazi Foundation attended an event hosted by New America titled, All Jihad Is Local: What ISIS' Files Reveal About Their Fighters. Experts presented research from a detailed report that displays the methodology of ISIS, average fighter, the province by province analysis, high-volume origin provinces and policy recommendations. Most of the fighters in Asia came from a particular western region. Experts also mentioned through his research 75% of Asian fighters joined ISIS once certain cities in the Middle East were overtaken by the terrorist group. In some parts of Middleast, they have seen people join the group due to the fact they can no longer pay workers in the oil trade because many of them struggle to stay relevant economically. One of the key factors the terror group used to recruit new fighters have been high levels of youth unemployment. An expert presented a theory that ISIS strategy in the west is to force Muslims into a compulsory choice with their attacks and attempting to trick many into joining them. Experts also pointed out that the motive to join the group varies in different parts of the world. s also pointed out that the motive to join the group varies in different parts of the world.
On a Glance
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A Conversation with the Sultan of Sokoto: on Peace, Development Initiatives, Challenges, and Potential Prospects.
The Shirazi Foundation attended an event hosted by the Wilson Center titled “A Conversation with the Sultan of Sokoto: Peace and Development Initiatives, Challenges, and Potential Prospects in Nigeria”. The experts spoke of many aspects of religious tolerance and denounced the recent attacks from terrorist groups in Europe. Experts mentioned that if peace does not bring stability to a country then violence will not. Experts quoted an excerpt from the verse of the Holy Quran Surah 5: Al-Ma-idah: Verse 32 “ ... That whoso slays a soul not to retaliate for a soul slain, nor for corruption done in the land, shall be as if he had slain mankind altogether”..., Experts indicated that one should refrain from all acts of violence and advised that one should be very careful not to generalize every Muslim behind the actions of a few who don't truly represent the Islamic faith. The many similarities between religions and messages of nonviolence were some of the main issues that were addressed. Shirazi Foundation expert on foreign affairs- policy, asked questions to the delegation of the Sultan on the current status of the Shia Scholar in captivity concerning his health and wellbeing.
The Shirazi Foundation Attended an event hosted by the United States Institute of Peace titled Iraqi Foreign Minister on Aid, ISIS and Reconciliation. Experts started by explaining the importance of regaining a city in the conflict that was overtaken by ISIS and how this city is one of the places early on that ISIS declared its fictitious caliphate. Experts explained the goal of ISIS has been to try its best to spread into different parts of the world and that the people who fight against them are fighting on behalf of humanity. Recently terrorist has attacked places such as crowded Soccer fields, and a crowded market area killing many people from many faiths while numbers suggest that the majority of the victims were children. Experts mentioned that they appealed to the international community on three different levels, hosting displaced people affected by the conflict, military assistance and assisting this region of the Middle East in the post-liberation phase of the conflict. Experts discussed the importance of its diplomacy process with neighboring countries and provided examples of countries that have themselves from each other in the past and the barriers and problems that exist between the two.
The Shirazi Foundation attended an event hosted by the Center for Global Development, Center for Global Development titled Refugees Work: A Humanitarian Investment That Yields Economic Dividends. An expert highlighted the many contributions that refugees bring to the global economy for example a refugee from an eastern part of Europe was said to be the creator of the mobile message App, WhatsApp that uses the internet to send messages, images, audio and video.
Read more: Refugees Work: A Humanitarian Investment That Yields Economic Dividends
The Shirazi Foundation attended an event hosted by the American Security Project titled What Comes After? Strategy for Stabilization and reconstruction in Syria. Experts started by looking into past conflicts and the ways in which money was wasted and distributed in the rebuilding process. Experts presented the question to their peers of how can they collectively help the conflict state move towards a new vision of a sustainability.The panel explained the diversity of cultures that existed before the armed conflict took place and the many ways it was destroyed. The panel searched for answers as to the best route to effectively get humanitarian aid to the people in need at this point. Experts mentioned the United Nations Development Programme and spoke briefly on its sustainable development goals through programs such as “Cash-for-Work” and how effective they can be in the rebuilding process.
The Shirazi Foundation attended an event hosted by the Atlantic Council titled
The Economic Decline in the Middle East after the 2011 Uprising. Experts began by determining root causes of its economic decline and searched for solutions to repair it and give it upward mobility. Experts went over key factors such as the youth unemployment rate and how the economic issue prior to 2011 has worsened. Experts went into detail on the low levels of natural resources and how this part of the Middle East consumes 85% of its GDP which causes them to advocate for foreign investments to rebuild the economy. Experts highlighted other points such as the female labor force in the country is at 25% which is very low and due to the past political and financial instability foreign investments and the import-export market is one of the best optimistic choices to regain hope.
The Shirazi Foundation attended an event hosted by the USIP (United States institute of Peace) titled Irreversible Damage: Civilian Harm in Modern Conflict. Experts shed light on issues such as how civilian harm became a catalyst that escalated civilian casualties. Experts also shared the damage that is done to the family structure when civilians are killed; these civilian can be a husband's or providers of a family and the family is now cut off from being cared for , in turn the family has to now depend on government assistance to survive. The panel also spoke of the various numbers associated with violence in that region. There was a spike in Violence from 2007-2011 with an influx in the use of IEDs. The experts made recommendations that the U.S. Should figure out who are the key players in civil society and the best way of communications between Ngo’s and organizations to reduce casualties. Experts added that this is a strategic matter and not just a moral and humanitarian one.
The Shirazi Foundation attended an interactive conference hosted by Brookings Institute titled What it will take to deliver on the Paris climate agreement. Experts explained briefly the history of the major climate agreement and how it affects us .Experts mentioned in the past many nations united and agreed to work towards making sure the Earth’s temperature did not rise above 2 degrees Celsius; this degree change is usually agreed upon as being the tipping point to preventing massive effects of climate change. Experts noted that with an increase in population in the west should make leaders in the U.K concerned with food security and agriculture as well as energy and transportation. Experts recommended that the action plan for the future should include renewable energy and that much needs to be done on the implementation side. Experts also explained that we all should focus on poverty reduction and shared prosperity. In the future a vast amount of oil companies will move into the energy industry which can cause a competitive playing field in that market.
Due to an escalating amount of inhumane violence by terrorist groups, and instability within many countries, an enormous amount of the youth will be stripped of their right to be educated. In 2015, The UN Fund for Children, UNICEF, published an alarming report indicating that more than 13 million children across six nations in the Middle East have been deprived of education and around 900 schools damaged due to conflicts. Before these conflicts, some countries in the Middle East performed as the largest and most distinguished higher education systems in the region. Unfortunately, the results of conflicts have brought forth annihilation of the Universities.Read more: Conflict and its Impact on Education